Nature and nurture

A child’s early development is shaped by both their genes and their environment.

Both genetics and environment play a strong role in shaping a child’s development during the early years. Genetic coding form the blueprints of a child’s development, while their environment and care influences the actual construction.

As a parent, the environment you create for your child and how you ‘nurture’ them, can have a lifelong impact.

Through providing care, learning opportunities, love, support, and positive experiences, (including nutrition, social experiences and a safe environment), you are supporting your child’s development.

Positive experiences in the home can also be complemented by quality early childhood education and care, such as playgroups, long day care or kindy; to provide learning and development environments for children. Extended family, communities and support networks also play a role in providing an environment that will nurture, socialise and educate the next generation.

Image Parent nurtures their child's learning, smiling at them and engaging with them at their height

Published — 22 September 2016 Last updated — 02 November 2016

Want personalised tips and activities?

Complete these short questions to get personalised tips and activities to see how simple and easy it can be.

Get started
01 / 05

What is your relationship with the child?


What best describes your location?


If you had a spare moment, what would you most likely do with the child?


And finally…

Do you speak another language at home apart from English?
Are you of Aboriginal and / or Torres Strait Islander descent?
Does the child need additional support with their development or learning?
Now we know a little more about the content that might interest you we’ve compiled it into a handy page for you.